Otto Kernberg on Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
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|Chanda Rankin:||I'm Chanda Rankin, and it's a real pleasure to have you here for this interview today with Psychotherapy.net. Earlier you mentioned you were born in Vienna, Austria. I wanted to know how much sociocultural influences at that time affected and influenced you to go into the field of psychotherapy and analysis.|
|Otto Kernberg:||To begin with, I left Austria when I was ten years old. My parents and I had to escape from the Nazi regime. We did so at the last moment and immigrated to Chile. I trained in psychiatry at the Chilean Psychoanalytic Society. I came to the States for the first time in 1959 on a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship to study research in psychotherapy with Jerry Frank at Johns Hopkins. Then in 1973 I moved to New York, where I was at Columbia. Now, I'm Director of the Personality Disorders Institute where we're carrying out the research of personality disorders.
Certainly my cultural influences are Austrian, German, and that has influenced me in many ways. But my psychiatric training was integration of classical descriptive German psychiatry and psychoanalytic psychiatry/psychodynamic psychiatry. Later I became immersed in ego-psychology and Klein's work. I also visited Chestnut Lodge where I became acquainted with the culturist orientation, Sullivanian, Frieda Fromm-Reichman as well as the ego/object relations psychologists, Edith Jacobsen and Margaret Mahler. So it was natural to try to synthesize an object relations approach between the great ego psychological Kleinian and so-called British 'middle group' or independent approaches. Then many years later, to this was added a certain influence from French psychoanalysis.
Copyright © 2000 Psychotherapy.net. All rights reserved. Published October 2000.
• Identify key arguments for increased scientific research in the field of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
• Consider the impact of current trends in mental health care, such as managed care, eclectic training, and the use of medication, on the efficacy of treatment of personality disorders.
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